Friday, 29 April 2016

Lies, Damned Lies and Statistics?

Pn11. Note from Croz:  I've had a tumultuous three months which included moving house.  During this time the blog has been much neglected.  My re-think on the future of the blog is that I will publish once a week, usually between Friday and Monday, with articles, comments and analyses focusing on major issues in the hope that this focus on aspects of the "bigger picture" will inform and promote thoughtful robust responses from readers.

Starting today....
with Fr Barr's article which questions official statistics showing a decline in poverty.

My guess is that Fiji, along with other liberal-driven economies,  will also have experienced a widening gap between rich and poor, which adds to the societal costs of poverty.

What do you think of:
  1. The official statistics and Fr Barr's argument?
  2. Government actions and policy? Have they helped or worsened the situation?  What can it do differently? 
  3. What are the policies of the parliamentary opposition on poverty, wages and related issues?
"Lies, damned lies and statistics." This was the phrase used by Benjamin Disraeli when he cautioned against the persuasive power of numbers that do not necessarily tally with reality. Pn11
         Has Poverty in Fiji Really Declined?

                                                            Fr Kevin Barr
It was interesting to read in The Fiji Times (April 22nd) the announcement of Kelera Nokelevu from the Bureau of Statistics that the incidence of poverty in Fiji has decreased enormously – from 35% in the 2003-4 Housing Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES) to 31% in the 2008-9 HIES to 28.1% in the 2013-14 HIES.

This would be wonderful if it were true but, as I pointed out in a previous article, because the World Bank analysed the data from the 2013-14 HIES, we need to serious question the credibility of the results.  They will find what they want to find because they and the IMF have been persuading our government to follow their neo-liberal, free market economic policies which have recently been criticised for creating greater poverty and inequality all around the world.

The credibility of the recent results would need to be seriously questioned in view of the following facts. If poverty stood at 31% in the 2008-9 HIES then it surely must have worsened because:
·       The devaluation of the Fiji dollar by 20% in April 2009 meant (according to the Bureau of Statistics) that the Consumer Price Index for food increased by 38% and for building materials by 29%;
·       In January 2011 VAT was increased by 2.5% and, as everyone knows, VAT is a regressive tax;
·       Electricity increased by 30% and water costs also increased;
·       Wages during this period did not increase significantly so the high increase in the cost of living had serious repercussions for the 60% of those in full-time employment whose wages were already below the poverty line;
·       There have also been other indicators which are related to an increase in poverty:
-        Dramatic increase in domestic violence;
-        Increase in crime rates especially involving robbery;
-        Dramatic increase in the numbers of people in squatter settlements because decent affordable housing was not available;
-        Increase in child labour.

For many years the IMF, the World Bank and the World Trade Organisation (WTO) have been pushing the policies of Neo-Liberal Free-Market Capitalism which underpins globalisation and have caused increasing poverty and inequality around the world. Pascal Lamy (former Director of the WTO) said recently: “Our world is sick and the cause of the sickness is the neo-liberal policies we have been following.”  Christine Lagarde (Director of the IMF) confessed at Davos last year that IMF policies have probably increased inequality around the world.

Over the years Fiji (like many other countries) has been following (advised/or forced to follow) the policy directives of the World Bank, the IMF, and the ADB despite the fact that these policies have created greater poverty and inequality in other countries (as so many scholars and economists have pointed out).  The findings of the Melzer Commission of the US Congress (2000) are still worth repeating:

“ Neither the World Bank nor the regional banks are pursuing the
set of activities that could best help the world move rapidly toward
a world without poverty or even the lesser, but more fully
achievable goal of raising living standards and the quality of life,
particularly in the poorest nations of the world.”

Also Oxfam based Duncan Green (2008: 296ff) states:

            “For much of the last 25 years the IMF and the World Bank have
            been pursuing nothing less than a radical overhaul of the way that
            developing countries run their economies.  That role has been
            controversial and, in many eyes, profoundly destructive ..... “

The credibility of the analysis of our Housing Income and Expenditure data by the World Bank must be seriously questioned. As I remarked some time ago, it is like the United States bringing in the Mafia to analyse the crime statistics in the US.  They will find what they want to find.

The separation of poverty statistics for urban and rural areas can be useful but what is missing is any recognition of the depth of poverty in these regions.  Usually poverty is deeper in urban areas than in rural areas.

Also what about all those (35%?) who are living just above the poverty line and the extent of inequality?

As Mr Lal remarked at the recent Dialogue Fiji Conference, even if we accept that 28.1% of Fiji’s population are living in poverty, this is still a matter of grave concern and quite unacceptable in view of the much taunted levels of increased economic growth.  The economy of a country must benefit all its people – not just the few.

Not only do we need an independent analysis of data from the Bureau of Statistics, we need something of that “economic revolution” which Bernie Sanders is promoting in the US which is attracting the attention of so many people – especially the youth. This “revolution” aims to “pull down the mighty from their thrones and lift up the lowly” (to use biblical terminology) so that we have a more just, compassionate and inclusive society.


  1. Dear Croz,

    I like your new strategy of focusing on major issues, especially if you stay with topics like "Has Poverty in Fiji Really Declined?" from independent thinkers like Fr Kevin Barr.

    It is of course a rhetorical question. Government 'statistics' aside, the hard indicators tell a very different story.

    Unemployment is now far more visible on the ground, with a greater proportion of the workforce in casual positions that have no security during the slightest downturn. The sale of government enterprises in itself should not impact greatly on overall employment, except that contractors bring in cheap foreign labour to replace the redundant Fijian workers.

    Wages, for those lucky enough to be working, have remained almost static, and the inevitable below award pay is very hard to detect and deal with when workers are desperate to earn anything.

    Inflation has gone up because of the devaluation in addition to the inevitable purchase price creep have reduced the purchasing power of local wages.

    So the answer to the question presented is clearly no. In fact it for those with an ear to the ground in Fiji, the opposite is obviously the case.

    I see that you have removed Marc Edge's comment on the contribution that web sites might make to "Lies, damned lies and statistics." Although very brief, I thought it was very relevant to the discussion I perceive you are trying to encourage.

  2. Thank you Anonymous. I do welcome comment but Marc Edge's comments over the years have usually been so negative and unhelpful for further discussion that I!ve told him I'll reject all his comments. If,however, he finally complies with the normal letter to the editor standards, I'll willingly publish what he has to say.

  3. Are you now censoring people with different views to yourself and the junta slurpers? And have you and your wife repaid the money to poverty stricken Fijians provided for your junta bludgers freebie to Fiji? Idiot.

    1. You've written almost identical notes many times in the past. Please use the normal courtesies observed in writing to editors or you too will be over the 'edge'.

  4. Dear Croz,

    Congratulations, you seem to have come to grips with allowing some dissenting comments.

    Now to go to your second question "Government actions and policy? Have they helped or worsened the situation? What can it do differently? "

    This is too open to get any reasonable response. You are asking for comments that do both your's and the governments job.

    But I am up to at least listing some issues for further consideration. The government overspent on roads and education in order to buy their votes, which left nothing in reserve for unplanned events like cyclones and floods. So it went cap in hand for contributions to the Prime Ministers cyclone relief fund. So why were so many major contributors working directly with the victims? Would the lack of any reporting or auditing on previous relief funds be a contributing factor? The public record, or lack of it can verify these matters.

    Less known is the neglect or short changing by the official relief mechanisms of Fiji's poorest, the 'informal' (squatter) communities.

    Then there is the matter of the huge expansion in the number of Fiji's diplomatic missions; and attendance at international rugby tournaments and the like!! Considering the level of poverty, are these the priorities you would recommend for Fiji?

    And don't get me started on nepotism. Suffice to say it does little for the health of the budget bottom line or the nations morale.

    Using Fr Bar's article like this is good, but your questions and comments need to show more insight into the reality of the politics and the overall situation in Fiji. You seem to have stopped being just a government mouthpiece, so congratulations if this is so.

  5. Dear Croz,

    In case you are looking for more topics for posting, check out this article from the Fiji Times.

  6. Thank you. Important issues. I've saved the article for future reference. Meanwhile would you and other readers please add your thoughts to my notes on Chiefs. And please use your name or pseudonym by selecting Name/URL and not Anonymous before posting your comments.


All polite, reasoned, original comments welcomed. Please use your real name or a pseudonym by clicking on the down arrow next to Comment and then select Name/URL. You do not need to fill in URL. . Anonymous comments make discussion difficult..