Why Small Businesses are Important to Fiji: Government and the Banks

Address by the Governor, Reserve Bank of Fiji, Barry Whiteside, at the Launch of the ANZ Small and Medium Enterprises Credit Scheme on Thursday 19 April 2012 at ANZ House, Suva.

Acting Chief Executive Officer and Head of Corporate Banking Fiji, Mr Rakesh Ram
Excellencies, Members of the Diplomatic Corp
Permanent Secretary for Finance, Mr Filimone Waqabaca
Staff of ANZ, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen

Ni sa bula vinaka and a very good evening to you all.



Introductory Comments

Let me first thank Mr Ram and the ANZ Team for your kind invitation to officiate at this
launch of ANZ’s Small and Medium Enterprise Credit Scheme. I would also like to
congratulate ANZ and commend your efforts in working on a SME-focussed product line and
for being the first lending institution to publicly acknowledge the adoption of Government’s
SME Credit Guarantee Scheme. Today’s product launch and announcement are testament to
your commitment towards assisting and developing small businesses in Fiji. It also demonstrates ANZ’s alignment to the objectives of the Fijian Government.

Why we need to Support the SME Sector

So why should we place much emphasis on our small and medium sized businesses when it
seems so much easier and less risky to support larger entrenched businesses employing many
more people and which are likely to be way more profitable as customers of financial
institutions? Clearly the Prouds(Motibhais), Tappoos, Jacks(Khatris), Punjas, Niranjans,
Manubhais and Vinod Patels of today weren’t always the way they are now. Each have their

own interesting stories to tell of their history of growth from small-town struggling start-up
businesses with just a handful of employees, not unlike our SMEs of today perhaps. I have
visited these modern day conglomerates and seen the photos prominently displayed of the
single shop, that first vehicle and the family patriarch and matriarch. Each business is proud
of that heritage and I am sure you have seen the same and some of you here today could share
similar stories.

Ladies and gentlemen, our estimate is that Fiji’s SME sector accounts for around 12 percent
of economic activity in the country. It is therefore, still largely untapped. Consequently, our
potential for growth is large when considering that SMEs in other developing countries can
contribute as much as 40-60 percent of GDP. In some of these economies, the SME sector
accounts for more than 90 percent of all firms outside the agriculture sector. They add
significantly to growth by creating jobs and generating significant domestic and export
revenue.

If we are to take these figures to heart, there is obviously a need to recognise and support the
contribution of SMEs in Fiji’s economy. The launch today of ANZ’s SME facility is a step
in the right direction.

Government Support

In its 2012 National Budget Address, the Fiji Government introduced its SME Credit
Guarantee Scheme with the aim of encouraging and supporting local business, particularly by
improving private sector lending in their direction. Under the Scheme, Government will
provide a guarantee for up to 50 percent of the outstanding principal amount of any defaulted
SME business loans, up to a limit of $50,000 per business. Government has set aside $3.0
million for the Scheme which will be administered by the Reserve Bank of Fiji. Interest
charged on such lending must not be higher than 10 percent per annum.

Effective from 1st January this year, lending institutions, such as ANZ, have the option of
applying the Government guarantee to all new and renewed SME loans. Eligibility will
cover lending to all sectors, except for loans to sugar cane farmers and Governmentsubsidised
businesses.

Government has indicated its total commitment to the Scheme as it is a small price to pay for
assisting industry and bringing about growth. Clearly the long term benefits to this Scheme
will be increased employment and economic activity which effectively translates to increased
tax revenue for Government. I therefore commend the Government for being bold enough to
provide this incentive for the SME sector.


Public Private Partnership in Supporting SMEs

Ladies and gentlemen, we all have important roles to play in supporting the growth of SMEs
in Fiji. The Fijian Government and the Reserve Bank are tasked with building and
maintaining an enabling and supportive environment, conducive to growth and development.
The private sector assists in allocating funds and providing advice in an efficient manner.
Lending institutions, such as ANZ, play a crucial role in the current set-up as they provide the
funds that SMEs require to function, expand operations, generate employment and produce
export receipts or goods for our local market. Both outputs benefit our foreign reserves
position.

The newly introduced Credit Guarantee Scheme is part of our goal to improve SME access to
finance and at the same time enable lending institutions to share part of the risk with
Government. Public and private sector partnerships such as these are exactly what our
country needs to boost domestic growth and improve our overall economic wellbeing.

An advantage of the above Scheme is that it can be used in conjunction with current loan
schemes, including existing flood rehabilitation facilities to alleviate collateral requirements
for flood affected SMEs.

Fiji Economy

I guess no Governor’s speech is complete without coverage of the outlook for the Fiji
economy and I do not intend to disappoint. That being said, our current estimates for
economic growth sees Fiji expanding by around 2.3 percent in 2012 following growth of 2.1
percent last year. However, as I speak, the economic forecasts are being re-examined in light
of the recent floods that have affected infrastructure, crops and businesses. Our domestic
growth forecast is broad-based with improvements expected in most economic sectors.

The downside risks to this projection are expected to stem largely from the recent floods which
greatly affected the livelihoods of those in the Western Division. However, this will be partly
offset by necessary replanting, re-construction and other capital infrastructure work. The
blessing, if there is a blessing to be had in all the sadness and misery of the natural disasters,
is that our tourism industry was little affected and, in addition, it is still early in the year and
with a lot of hard work there is time to “catch up”. Our foreign reserves remain healthy at
around $1.5 billion (or just under 5 months of imports) and inflation has been trending
downwards. Furthermore, bank credit has picked up and new loans in the first few months of
2012 are higher than in the comparable period last year.

At this point it would be remiss of me not to acknowledge and commend the lending sectors
efforts in assisting our local community to recover from the effects of the January and March
floods. Our financial institutions, including ANZ, have contributed generously towards flood
relief through a number of local charities, including the Fiji Red Cross and the Prime
Minister’s Flood Relief Appeal. It is also pleasing to note the financial support that they have
extended to affected customers, including the temporary suspension on loan repayments,
adjustments to lending limits and waiver of selected fees and charges. These acts of
generosity and empathy go a long way in maintaining customer loyalty, sustaining business
and ultimately contributing to future growth. They also show our hearts lie with our country
and fellow citizens.

Commercial Bank Lending to SMEs

Ladies and gentlemen, commercial bank lending to private sector businesses currently stands
at just over $2.0 billion. Our records show that of this total, the 15 largest business loans
from each of Fiji’s four commercial banks make up close to 60 percent, while lending to
micro businesses and SMEs account for just 8 percent. There is definitely room for this to
grow.

I am particularly pleased to highlight that commercial banks have already given around $10
million in loans under the SME Credit Guarantee Scheme since the Facility was introduced in
January this year. With an interest rate pegged at no greater than 10 percent per annum this
should greatly assist businesses. We hope that within 5 years, the share of SME loans would
double to around 16 percent of total lending.

ANZ SME Scheme


Ladies and gentlemen, I understand that ANZ’s commitment and work in the SME sector is
something that has been honed over the last 5 years, with particular focus on streamlining
processes and improving access to affordable finance. The creation of a 20-staff SME Team
to serve all parts of Fiji will positively impact SME growth in both credit and numbers.

In addition, ANZ’s efforts in working together with local regulators and SME operators is
welcome news for sector engagement towards SME development. The Reserve Bank is
always grateful to financial institutions that assume additional responsibility and take the
initiative in accommodating Government and RBF supported policies, as this portrays an
alignment of our goals in taking the economy forward. The Reserve Bank is confident that
the combined efforts of ANZ and other financial institutions in taking the new Scheme on
board, will act as a platform for SME growth and is a step towards realising his sector’s true
potential.

In closing, I wish your Team every success in the launch of this new product and thank ANZ
Bank for the continued confidence and commitment towards the development of both the
SME sector and the Fiji economy.

Vinaka Vakalevu.





Comments

Sir Galahad and the SMEs said…
It's a bit rich now suddenly deciding that the SMEs of Fiji are to become the nation's Sir Galahad! Where were all these salutary and SMART reflections previously? Gone the way of all flesh: stalking Big Biz! How many Big Businesses took on any new employees in the past month? Tell us, please do!

But flexible, smart and entrepreneurial Small to Medium Enterprises can do this, when the market is permitted to function without arbitrary interference, in a matter of days. That is why SMEs are the saviour of sinking nations all over the world. Indeed, they may turn sinking nations into productive and performance-oriented nations particularly when disaster strikes and regulation backs off.

But did no one ever mention this before? How silly of them! Or they did and we just were not paying attention at the time?
Paula said…
It is quite interesting that the governor mentions the Motibhais, Tappoos, Khatris, Punjas, Niranjans,
Manubhais, Kundan Singhs and Vinod Patels as shining examples of SMEs turning into large and extremely profitable enterprises. He certainly is absolutely right about this. Why not add a few examples like the Waqabacas, Matakaivitis, Samisonis and Fatiakis?
There are many reasons why an application for an established entity can go through including the fact that the owner underlines the need to purchase extra assets.
There is also the highly scientific reason such as experimentation towards introducing a novel brand into the world.
The fact that the federal state seconds the idea increases the momentum by which small business loans for women will be channeled to the applicant’s account..
Coherence of message to investors said…
@ Paula

You make a valid point. Role models are required for every Fijian. Every citizen must be shown the value of hard work, discipline (especially self-discipline) and the necessity for taking considered risk and being rewarded for it. Job creation is a worthy and essential endeavour. This is why we might question the introduction of Capital Gains Tax in Fiji. Hardly an inducement to the taking of multiple risks in an investment climate already overburdened with them? It suggests an anti-capital bias. Furthermore, are house prices continuing to fall? Because personal assets must be seen to be adding value not shedding. Our focus must be management-of risk oriented at all times. We appear to send mixed messages frequently. The signals to investors must be fully coherent and local investors require this more than most.
Anonymous said…
Ian Simpson, Taveuni

Why is government guaranteeing this supposed facility by the banks to the tune of $3 million dollars.

The Reserve Bank is nothing more than a lapdog to the foreign banking cartel that treats our nation as nothing more than a branch office, a very profitable branch office, operating in a zero risk environment.

Laughing all the way to the bank comes to mind.

I find it embarrassing to see one off ours flapping his jaws in perfect sync to script.
ANZ! This is the outfit that had a USD7 million facility from World Bank to encourage alternative energy. They were a total and utter failure and fortunately for Fiji World bank transferred this facility to Fiji Development Bank. But as we well know, FDB is not a Commercial Trading Bank that can create credit, so is severely limited to the extent it can direct the development of our nation.

Mr. Whiteside, I suggest you take a trip to our island in Taveuni and visit the one bank on the island and enquire about your latest facility regarding support of primary industry.

Anyway, don’t sweat it Mr. Whiteside, no sleepless nights required, people don't rush out to go broke.

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